Compliance Recertification Application (CRA)

References

Table of Contents

 

 


Chapter 1

1.                  Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). 1973.  Site Selection Factors for the Bedded Salt Pilot Plant, ORNL-TM-4219, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

2.                  Powers, D.W., Lambert, S.J., Shaffer, S.E., Hill, L.R., and Weart, W.D., eds.  1978.  Geological Characterization Report for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site, Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND78-1596, Vols. I and II.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  

3.                  U.S. Congress.  1992.  WIPP Land Withdrawal Act, Public Law 102-579, 106 Stat. 4777, 1992; as amended by Public Law 104-201, 110 Stat. 2422, 1996. 

4.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1980.  Final Environmental Impact Statement, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  DOE/EIS-0026, Vols. 1 and 2.  Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Washington, D.C.  WPO 38835, WPO 38838, and WPO 38839.

a.      Volume 1

b.      Volume 2

5.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1981.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Record of Decision.   Federal Register, Vol. 46, No. 18, p. 9162, January 28, 1981.  Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Washington D.C. Copyrighted

6.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1996.  Title 40 CFR Part 191 Compliance Certification Application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, DOE/CAO-1996-2184, October 1996, Carlsbad Field Office, Carlsbad, NM. Unavailable

7.                  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1985.  40 CFR Part 191 Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes: Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 50, No. 182, pp. 38066–38089, September 19, 1985.  Office of Radiation Programs, Washington, D.C.  WPO 39132.

8.                  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1993.  40 CFR Part 191 Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes:  Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 58, no. 242, pp. 66398-66416, December 20, 1993.  Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington D.C.  WPO 39133.

9.                  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1996a. 40 CFR Part 194: Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations: Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 61, No. 28, pp. 5224 – 5245, February 9, 1996. Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C.  In NWM Library as KF70.A35.C751 1996 (Reference).

10.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1996b.   Compliance Application Guidance for 40 CFR Part 194.  EPA 402-R-95-014, March 29, 1996.  Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C.  WPO 39159.

11.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1998. “40 CFR Part 194: Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance With the Disposal Regulations: Certification Decision; Final Rule.” Federal Register, Vol. 63, No. 95, pp. 27396, May 18, 1998. Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C.

12.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2000. Guidance to the U.S. Department of Energy on Preparation for Recertification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant with 40 CFR Parts 191 and 194.  December 2000.  Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C.

13.             Vugrin, E. 2004. “Corrected CRA Figures” Memorandum to David Kessel dated December 14, 2004. Sandia National Laboratories. Carlsbad, NM. ERMS #533999

Back to top


Chapter 2

1.                  Adams, J.E.  1944.  “Upper Permian Ochoa Series of the Delaware Basin, West Texas and Southeastern New Mexico.”  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 28, No. 11, 1596-1625.

2.                  Algermissen, S.T., and Perkins, D.M.  1976.  A Probabilistic Estimate of Maximum Ground Acceleration in the Contiguous United States.  Open-file Report 76-416, pp. 1 – 45.  U.S. Geological Survey.

3.                  Anderson, R.Y.  1978.  Deep Dissolution of Salt, Northern Delaware Basin, New Mexico.  Report to Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  ERMS #229530.

4.                  Anderson, R.Y., and Kirkland, D.W.  1980.  Dissolution of Salt Deposits by Brine Density Flow.   Geology, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 66 – 69.

5.                  Anderson, R.Y.  1981.  “Deep-Seated Salt Dissolution in the Delaware Basin, Texas and New Mexico.”  In Environmental Geology and Hydrology in New Mexico, S.G. Wells and W. Lambert, eds., Special Publication No. 10, pp. 133 - 145.  New Mexico Geological Society.

6.                  Anderson, R.Y.  1993.  “The Castile as a ‘Nonmarine’ Evaporite.”  In Carlsbad Region, New Mexico and Texas, New Mexico Geological Society, Forty-Fourth Annual Field Conference, Carlsbad, NM, October 6-9, 1993, D.W. Love et al., eds., pp. 12 - 13. New Mexico Geological Society, Socorro, NM. Copyrighted

7.                  Anderson, R.Y., Dean, W.E., Jr., Kirkland, D.W., and Snider, H. I.  1972.  “Permian Castile Varved Evaporite Sequence, West Texas and New Mexico.”  Geological Society of America Bulletin, Vol. 83, No. 1, pp. 59 - 85.

8.                  Anderson, R.Y., and Powers, D.W.  1978.  “Salt Anticlines in the Castile-Salado Evaporite Sequence, Northern Delaware Basin, New Mexico.”  In Geology and Mineral Deposits of Ochoan Rocks in Delaware Basin and Adjacent Areas, G.S. Austin, ed., Circular 159.  pp. 79 - 83.  New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM. Copyrighted

9.                  Anderson, R.Y., Kietzke, K.K., and Rhodes, D.J.  1978.  “Development of Dissolution Breccias, Northern Delaware Basin, New Mexico and Texas.”  In Geology and Mineral Deposits of Ochoan Rocks in Delaware Basin and Adjacent Areas, G.S. Austin, ed., Circular 159.  New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM.

10.             Bachman, G.O.  1973.  Surficial Features and Late Cenozoic History in Southeastern New Mexico.  Open-File Report 4339-8.  U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

11.             Bachman, G.O.  1974.  Geologic Processes and Cenozoic History Related to Salt Dissolution in Southeastern New Mexico.  Open-File Report 74-194.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

12.             Bachman, G.O.  1976.  “Cenozoic Deposits of Southeastern New Mexico and an Outline of the History of Evaporite Dissolution.”  Journal of Research, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 135 - 149.  U.S. Geological Survey.

13.             Bachman, G.O.  1980.  Regional Geology and Cenozoic History of Pecos Region, Southeastern New Mexico.  Open-File Report 80-1099.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

14.             Bachman, G.O.  1981.  Geology of Nash Draw, Eddy County, New Mexico.  Open-File Report 81-31.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

15.             Bachman, G.O.  1984.  Regional Geology of Ochoan Evaporites, Northern Part of Delaware Basin.  Circular 184, pp. 1 - 22.  New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM.

16.             Bachman, G.O.  1985.  Assessment of Near-Surface Dissolution at and Near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND84-7178.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  ERMS #224609.

17.             Barrows, L.J., Shaffer, S.E., Miller, W.B., and Fett, J.D.  1983.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site Gravity Survey and Interpretation.  SAND82-2922.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

18.             Beauheim, R.L., Hassinger, B.W., and Kleiber, J.A.  1983.  Basic Data Report for Borehole Cabin Baby-1 Deepening and Hydrologic Testing, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project, Southeastern New Mexico.  WTSD-TME-020.  United States Department of Energy, Albuquerque, NM.

19.             Beauheim, R.L.  1986.  Hydraulic-Test Interpretations for Well DOE-2 at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site.  SAND86-1364.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  ERMS #227656.

20.             Beauheim, R.L.  1987a.  Interpretations of Single-Well Hydraulic Tests Conducted at and Near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site, 1983–1987.  SAND87-0039.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  ERMS #227679.

21.             Beauheim, R.L.  1987b.  Analysis of Pumping Tests of the Culebra Dolomite Conducted at the H-3 Hydropad at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site.  SAND86-2311.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquer]que, NM.

22.             Beauheim, R.L.  1987c.  Interpretation of the WIPP-13 Multipad Pumping Test of the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site.  SAND87-2456.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

23.             Beauheim, R.L.  1989.  Interpretation of H-11b4 Hydraulic Tests and the H-11 Multipad Pumping Test of the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site.  SAND89-0536.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

24.             Beauheim, R.L.  2002.  “Analysis Plan for Evaluation of the Effects of Head Changes on Calibration of Culebra Transmissivity Fields, AP-088, Rev. 1,” ERMS #524785. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

25.             Beauheim, R.L.  2000.  “Appendix E, Summary of Hydraulic Tests Performed at Tracer-Test Sites,” in Interpretations of Tracer Tests Performed in the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site, Meigs, L.C., Beauheim, R.L., and Jones, T.L., eds.  SAND97-3109.  Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories.

26.             Beauheim, R.L., and Holt, R.M.  1990.  “Hydrogeology of the WIPP Site.”  In Geological and Hydrological Studies of Evaporites in the Northern Delaware Basin for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), New Mexico, Geologic Society of America 1990 Annual Meeting Field Trip #14 Guidebook, pp. 131 -179.  Dallas Geologic Society, Dallas, TX. Copyrighted

27.             Beauheim, R.L., and Roberts, R.M.  2002.  “Hydrology and Hydraulic Properties of a Bedded Evaporite Formation,” Journal of Hydrology, v. 259, pp. 66-88.

28.             Beauheim, R.L., and Ruskauff, G.J.  1998.  Analysis of Hydraulic Tests of the Culebra and Magenta Dolomites and Dewey Lake Redbeds Conducted at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site.  SAND98-0049.  Albuquerque, NM:  Sandia National Laboratories.

29.             Beauheim, R.L., Roberts, R.M., Dale, T.F., Fort, M.D., and Stensrud, W.A.  1993.  Hydraulic Testing of Salado Formation Evaporites at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site:  Second Interpretive Report.  SAND92-0533.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  ERMS #223378.

30.             Beauheim, R.L., Saulnier, G.J., Jr. and Avis, J.D.  1991a.  Interpretation of Brine-Permeability Tests of the Salado Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site:  First Interim Report. SAND90-0083. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

31.             Beauheim, R.L., Dale, T.F., and Pickens, J.F.  1991b.  Interpretations of Single-Well Hydraulic Tests of the Rustler Formation Conducted in the Vicinity of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site, 1988-1989.  SAND89-0869.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

32.             Beauheim, R.L., Meigs, L.C., Saulnier, G.J., Jr. and Stensrud, W.A.  1995.  Culebra Transport Program Test Plan:  Tracer Testing of the Culebra Dolomite Member of the Rustler Formation at the H-19 and H-11 Hydropads on the WIPP Site.  ERMS #230156.  Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

33.             Bechtel National Inc.  1979. “Soils Design Report – Volume 1 Plant Site Near-Surface Structures,” Doc. No. Dr-22-V-01. San Francisco, CA:  Bechtel National Inc.

34.             Becker, M.L., Rasbury, E.T., Meyers, W.J., and Hanson, G.N.  2002.  U-Pb calcite age of the Late Permian Castile Formation, Delaware Basin: a constraint on the age of the Permian-Triassic boundary (?):  Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 203, p. 681-689. 

35.             Blackwell, D.D., Steele, J.L., and Carter, L.S.  1991.  “Heat-Flow Patterns of the North American Continent; A Discussion of the Geothermal Map of North America.”  In Neotectonics of North America, D.B. Slemmons, E.R. Engdahl, M.D. Zoback, and D.D. Blackwell, eds., pp. 423 - 436.  Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO. Copyrighted

36.             Bodine, Jr., M.W.  1978.  “Clay-Mineral Assemblages from Drill Core of Ochoan Evaporites, Eddy County, New Mexico.”  In Geology and Mineral Deposits of Ochoan Rocks in Delaware Basin and Adjacent Areas, G.S. Austin, ed., Circular 159.  pp. 21 - 31.  New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM. Copyrighted

37.             Borns, D.J.  1987.  The Geologic Structures Observed in Drillhole DOE-2 and Their Possible Origins:  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  SAND86-1495.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

38.             Borns, D.J., Barrows, L.J., Powers, D.W., and Snyder, R.P.  1983.  Deformation of Evaporites Near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site.  SAND82-1069.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  

39.             Borns, D.J.  1985.  Marker Bed 139:  A study of Drillcore from a Systematic Array.  SAND85-0023.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

40.             Borns, D.J., and Shaffer, S.E.  1985.  Regional Well-Log Correlation in the New Mexico Portion of the Delaware Basin.  SAND83-1798.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

41.             Brausch, L.M., Kuhn, A.K., and Register, J.K.  1982.  Natural Resources Study, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project, Southeastern New Mexico.  TME 3156.  Albuquerque, NM:  U.S. Department of Energy, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.

42.             Brokaw, A.L., Jones, C.L., Cooley, M.E., and Hays, W.H.  1972.  Geology and Hydrology of the Carlsbad Potash Area, Eddy and Lea Counties, New Mexico.  Open-File Report 4339-1.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

43.             Brookins, D.G.  1980.  “Polyhalite K-Ar Radiometric Ages from Southeastern New Mexico.”  In Isochron/West, No. 29, pp. 29 - 31. Copyrighted

44.             Brookins, D.G.  1981.  “Geochronologic Studies Near the WIPP Site, Southeastern New Mexico.”  In Environmental Geology and Hydrology in New Mexico, S.G. Wells, and W. Lambert, ed., Special Publication 10, pp. 147 - 152.  New Mexico Geological Society.

45.             Brookins, D.G., and Lambert, S.J.  1987.  “Radiometric Dating of Ochoan (Permian) Evaporites, WIPP Site, Delaware Basin, New Mexico, USA.”  Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management X, Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings, Boston, MA, December 1-4, 1986, J.K. Bates and W.B. Seefeldt, eds., Vol. 84, pp. 771 - 780, Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA.

46.             Brookins, D.G., Register, J.K, Jr., and Krueger, H.W.  1980.  “Potassium-Argon Dating of Polyhalite in New Mexico.”  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 44, No. 5, pp. 635 - 637.

47.             Butcher, B.M.  1997.  A Summary of the Sources of Input Parameter Values for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Final Porosity Surface Calculations.  SAND97-0796.  Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories.

48.             Calzia, J.P., and Hiss, W.L.  1978.  “Igneous Rocks in Northern Delaware Basin, New Mexico, and Texas.”  In Geology and Mineral Deposits of Ochoan Rocks in Delaware Basin and Adjacent Areas, G.S. Austin, ed., Circular 159, pp. 39 - 45.  New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM. Copyrighted

49.             Cartwright, Jr., L.D.  1930.  Transverse Section of Permian Basin, West Texas and Southeastern New Mexico.  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 14.

50.             Casas, E., and Lowenstein, T.K.  1989.  Diagenesis of Saline Pan Halite:  Comparison of Petrographic Features of Modern, Quaternary and Permian Halites.  Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, Vol. 59.

51.             Chapman, J.B.  1986.  Stable Isotopes in the Southeastern New Mexico Groundwater:  Implications for Dating Recharge in the WIPP Area.  EEG-35, DOE/AL/10752-35.  Environmental Evaluation Group, Santa Fe, NM.

52.             Chapman, J.B.  1988.  Chemical and Radiochemical Characteristics of Groundwater in the Culebra Dolomite, Southeastern NM.  EEG-39.  Environmental Evaluation Group, Santa Fe, NM.

53.             Chugg, J.C., Anderson, G.W., Kink, D.L., and Jones, L.H.  1952.  Soil Survey of Eddy Area, New Mexico.  U.S. Department of Agriculture.

54.             Claiborne, H.C., and Gera, F.  1974.  Potential Containment Failure Mechanisms and Their Consequences at a Radioactive Waste Repository in Bedded Salt in New Mexico.  ORNL-TM 4639.  Oak Ridge National Laboratories, Oak Ridge, TN.

55.             Corbet, T.F. and Knupp, P.M.  1996.  The Role of Regional Groundwater Flow in the Hydrogeology of the Culebra Member of the Rustler Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND96-2133.  Sandia National Laboratories:  Albuquerque, NM.

56.             Crawley, M.E., and Nagy, M.  1998.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant RCRA Background Groundwater Quality Baseline Report.  DOE/WIPP 98-2285.  Albuquerque, NM:  IT Corporation for Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

57.             Davies, P.B.  1984.  “Deep-Seated Dissolution and Subsidence in Bedded Salt Deposits.”  Ph.D. Thesis.  Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.

58.             Davies, P.B.  1989.  Variable-Density Ground-Water Flow and Paleohydrology in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Region, Southeastern New Mexico.  Open-File Report 88-490.  U.S. Geological Survey, Albuquerque, NM.

59.             Deal, D.E., and Case, J.B.  1987.  Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report.  DOE-WIPP 87-008.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Carlsbad, NM.

60.             Deal, D.E., Case, J.B., Deshler, R.M., Drez, P.E., Myers, J., and Tyburski, J.R.  1987.  Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase II Report.  DOE-WIPP-87-010.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Carlsbad, NM.

61.             Deal, D.E., Abitz, R.J., Belski, D.S., Case, J.B., Crawley, M.E., Deshler, R.M., Drez, P.E., Givens, C.A., King, R.B., Lauctes, B.A., Myers, J., Niou, S., Pietz, J.M., Roggenthen, W.M., Tyburski, J.R., and Wallace, M.G.  1989.  Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program, 1988 Report.  DOE-WIPP-89-015.  Carlsbad, NM:  Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

62.             Deal, D.E., Abitz, R.J., Belski, D.S., Clark, J.B., Crawley, M.E., and Martin, M.L.  1991a.  Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program, 1989 Report.  DOE-WIPP-91-009.  Carlsbad, NM:  Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

63.             Deal, D.E., Abitz, R.J., Myers, J. Case, J.B., Martin, M.L., Roggenthen, W.M., and Belski, D.S.  1991b.  Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program, 1990 Report.  DOE-WIPP-91-036.  Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy by IT Corporation and Westinghouse Electric Corporation.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

64.             Deal, D.E., Abitz, R.J., Myers, J., Martin, M.L., Milligan, D.J., Sobocinski, R.W., Lipponer, P.P.J., and Belski, D.S.  1993.  Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program, 1991 Report.  DOE-WIPP-93-026.  Carlsbad, NM:  Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

65.             Deal, D.E., Abitz, R.J.  Belski, D.S., Case, J. B., Crawley, M.E., Givens, C. A., James Lipponer, P.P.J., Milligan, D.J., Myers, J., Powers, D. W., and Valdivia, M. A.  1995.  Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program, 1992-1993 Report and Summary of BSEP Data Since 1982, DOE-WIPP 94-011.  Carlsbad, NM: Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

66.             Domski, P.S., Upton, D.T., and Beauheim, R.L.  1996.  Hydraulic Testing Around Room Q:  Evaluation of the Effects of Mining on the Hydraulic Properties of Salado Evaporites.  SAND96-0435.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

67.             Duke Engineering and Services (DES).  1997.  Exhaust Shaft: Phase 2 Hydraulic Assessment Data Report Involving Drilling, Installation, Water-Quality Sampling, and Testing of Piezometers 1-12.  DOE/WIPP97-2278.  Carlsbad, NM: Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

68.             Eager, G.P.  1983.  Core from the Lower Dewey Lake, Rustler, and Upper Salado Formation, Culberson County, Texas.  In Permian Basin Cores, R.L. Shaw and B.J. Pollen, eds., P.B.S.-S.E.P.M. Core Workshop No. 2, pp. 273 - 283.  Permian Basin Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Midland, TX.Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

69.             Earth Technology Corporation.  1988.  Final Report for Time Domain Electromagnetic (TDEM) Surveys at the WIPP Site.  SAND87-7144.  Albuquerque, NM:  Sandia National Laboratories.

70.             Elliot Geophysical Company.  1976.  A Preliminary Geophysical Study of a Trachyte Dike in Close Proximity to the Proposed Los Medaños Nuclear Waste Disposal Site, Eddy and Lea Counties, New Mexico.  Elliot Geophysical Company, Tucson, AZ.

71.             Environmental Science and Research Foundation (ESRF), Inc.  2000.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant 1999 Site Environmental Report.  DOE/WIPP 00-2225, ESRF-039.  Idaho Falls, ID:  ESRF.

72.             Environmental Science and Research Foundation (ESRF), Inc.  2001.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant CY 2000 Site Environmental Report.  DOE/WIPP 01-2225, ESRF-045.  Idaho Falls, ID: ESRF.

73.             Environmental Science & Research Foundation (ESRF).  2002.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 2001, DOE/WIPP 02-2225, Carlsbad, NM.

74.             Ewing, T.E.  1993.  “Erosional Margins and Patterns of Subsidence in the Late Paleozoic West Texas Basin and Adjoining Basins of West Texas and New Mexico,” New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 44th Field Conference, Carlsbad Region New Mexico and West Texas, D.W. Lowe et al., eds., pp. 155 - 166.

75.             Foster, R.W.  1974.  Oil and Gas Potential of a Proposed Site for the Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste.  BNL/SUB-44231/1.  Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.  Available from NTIS.  NTIS Accession number:  ORNL/SUB-4423-1.

76.             Freeze, R.A., and Witherspoon, P.A.  1967.  “Theoretical Analysis of Regional Groundwater Flow:  2.  Effect of Water-Table Configuration and Subsurface Permeability Variation,”  Water Resources Research.  Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 623 - 634.

77.             FWS (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service).  1989.  Letter from John C. Peterson, Field Supervisor, Albuquerque, NM, to Jack B. Tillman, Project Manager, U.S. DOE–Carlsbad, May 25, 1989.

78.             Geohydrology Associates.  1978.  Ground-Water Study Related to Proposed Expansion of Potash Mining near Carlsbad, New Mexico.  Contractor Report to Bureau of Land Management, Denver, CO, Contract No. YA-512-CT7-217.  Albuquerque, NM: Geohydrology Associates.

79.             Hale, W.E., Hughes, L.S., and Cox, E.R.  1954.  Possible Improvement of Quality of Water of the Pecos River by Diversion of Brine at Malaga Bend, Eddy County, NM.  Pecos River Commission New Mexico and Texas, in cooperation with United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Carlsbad, NM.

80.             Harland, W.B., Armstrong, R.L., Cox, A.V., Craig, L.E., Smith, A.G., and Smith, D.G. 1989.  A Geologic Time Scale 1989.  Cambridge Earth Science Series.  Cambridge University Press. Copyrighted

81.             Harms, J.C., and Williamson, C.R.  1988.  “Deep-Water Density Current Deposits of Delaware Mountain Group (Permian), Delaware Basin, Texas and New Mexico.”  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 72.

82.             Haug, A., Kelley, V.A., LaVenue, A.M., and Pickens, J. F.  1987.  Modeling of Ground-Water Flow in the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site: Interim Report.  SAND86-7167.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

83.             Hawley, J.W.  1993.  “The Ogallala and Gatuña Formations in the Southeastern New Mexico Region, a Progress Report.”  In Carlsbad Region, New Mexico and West Texas, New Mexico Geological Society, Forty-Fourth Annual Field Conference, Carlsbad, NM, October 6-9, 1993,  D.W. Love et al., eds., pp. 261 - 269.  New Mexico Geological Society, Socorro, NM. Copyrighted

84.             Hayes, P.T., and Bachman, G.O.  1979.  Examination and Reevaluation of Evidence for the Barrera Fault, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico.  Open-File Report 79-1520.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

85.             Hazen, R.M., and Roedder, E.  2001.  “How Old are Bacteria from the Permian Age?” Nature, v. 411, p. 155.

86.             Hills, J.M.  1984.  Sedimentation, Tectonism, and Hydrocarbon Generation in Delaware Basin, West Texas and Southeastern New Mexico.  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 68.Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

87.             Hiss, W.L.  1975.  “Stratigraphy and Ground-Water Hydrology of the Capitan Aquifer, Southeastern New Mexico and Western Texas.”  PhD dissertation.  University of Colorado, Department of Geological Sciences, Boulder, CO. Copyrighted

88.             Hiss, W.L.  1976.  Structure of the Premium Guadalupian Capitan Aquifer, Southeast New Mexico and West Texas.  Resource Map.  New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM. Unavailable

89.             Holt, R.M.  1997.  Conceptual Model for Transport Processes in the Culebra Dolomite Member, Rustler Formation.  SAND97-0194.  Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories.

90.             Holt, R.M., and Powers, D.W.  1984.  Geotechnical Activities in the Waste Handling Shaft Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project Southeastern New Mexico.  WTSD-TME-038.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM.

91.             Holt, R.M., and Powers, D.W.  1986.  Geotechnical Activities in the Exhaust Shaft.  DOE-WIPP-86-008.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM.

92.             Holt, R.M., and Powers, D.W.  1988.  Facies Variability and Post-Depositional Alteration Within the Rustler Formation in the Vicinity of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Southeastern New Mexico. DOE/WIPP 88-004.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM.  (CCA Appendix FAC.)

a.      Appendix I - Interpretation of Geophysical Logs to Select Stratigraphic Horizons within the Rustler Formation

b.      Appendix II- Geophysical Log Data

c.      Appendix III- X-Ray Diffraction

93.             Holt, R.M., and Powers, D.W.  1990a.  Geologic Mapping of the Air Intake Shaft at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  DOE/WIPP 90-051.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM. Unavailable electronically.

94.             Holt, R.M, and Powers, D.W.  1990b.  “Halite Sequences within the Late Permian Salado Formation in the Vicinity of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant,” in Powers, D.W., Holt, R.M., Beauheim, R.L., and Rempe, N., eds., Geological and Hydrological Studies of Evaporites in the Northern Delaware Basin for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP): Guidebook 14, Geological Society of America (Dallas Geological Society), pp. 45-78. Copyrighted

95.             Holt, R.M., and Powers, D.W.  2002.  “Impact of Salt Dissolution on the Transmissivity of the Culebra Dolomite Member or the Rustler Formation, Delaware Basin, Southeastern New Mexico” Abstracts with Program, v. 34, no. 6, p. 215. Copyrighted

96.             Holt, R.M. and Yarbrough, L.  2002.  Analysis Report Task 2 of AP-088 – Estimating Base Transmissivity Field.  Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.  ERMS #523889.  WIPP Records Center.

97.             Howard, K.A., Aaron, J.M., Brabb, E.E., Brock, M.R., Gower, H.D., Hunt, S.J., Milton, D.J., Muehlberger, W.R., Nakata, J.K., Plafker, G., Prowell, D.C., Wallace, R.E., and Witkind, I.J.  1971 [reprinted 1991].  Preliminary Map of Young Faults in the United States as a Guide to Possible Fault Activity.  Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-916, 1:5,000,000.  4 maps on 2 sheets.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO. Unavailable

98.             Hubbert, M.K.  1940.  “The Theory of Ground-Water Motion,” The Journal of Geology.  Vol. 48, no. 8, pt. 1., pp. 785 - 944. Copyrighted

99.             Hunter, R.L.  1985.  A Regional Water Balance for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site and Surrounding Area.  SAND84-2233.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

100.         INTERA.  1997a.  Exhaust Shaft Hydraulic Assessment Data Report. DOE-WIPP 97-2219. Carlsbad, NM: WIPP Management and Operating Contractor.

101.         INTERA.  1997b.  Exhaust Shaft Data Report: 72-Hour Pumping Test on C-2506 and 24-Hour Pumping Test on C-2505.  Carlsbad, NM: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.

102.         IT Corporation.  2000.  Addendum 1, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant RCRA Background Groundwater Quality Baseline Update Report.  Prepared for Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Carlsbad, NM.

103.         Izett, G.A., and Wilcox, R.E.  1982.  Map Showing Localities and Inferred Distribution of the Huckleberry Ridge, Mesa Falls, and Lava Creek Ash Beds in the Western United States and Southern Canada.  Misc. Investigations Map I-1325, scale 1:4,000,000.  U.S. Geological Survey. Unavailable

104.         Jarolimek, L., Timmer, M.J., and McKinney, R.F.  1983.  Geotechnical Activities in the Exploratory Shaft—Selection of the Facility Interval, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project, Southeastern New Mexico.  TME 3178.  U.S. Department of Energy, Albuquerque, NM.

105.         Jones, C.L., Bowles, C.G., and Bell, K.G.  1960.  Experimental Drillhole Logging in Potash Deposits of the Carlsbad District, New Mexico.  Open-File Report.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

106.         Jones, C.L., Cooley, M.E., and Bachman, G.O.  1973.  Salt Deposits of Los Medaños Area, Eddy and Lea Counties, New Mexico.  Open-File Report 4339-7.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO. Unavailable

107.         Jones, C.L.  1978.  Test Drilling for Potash Resources:  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site, Eddy County, New Mexico.  Open-File Report 78-592.  Vols. 1 and 2.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

108.         Jones, C.L.  1981.  Geologic Data for Borehole ERDA-6, Eddy County, New Mexico.  Open-File Report 81-468.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

109.         Jones, T.L., Kelley, V.A., Pickens, J.T., Upton, D.T., Beauheim, R.L., and Davies, P.B.  1992.  Integration of Interpretation Results of Tracer Tests Performed in the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site.  SAND92-1579.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

110.         Keesey, J. J.  1976.  Hydrocarbon Evaluation, Proposed Southeastern New Mexico Radioactive Material Storage Site, Eddy County, New Mexico.  SAND71-7033.  Vols. I and II.  Sipes, Williamson, and Aycock, Midland, TX.

111.         Kehrman, R.F.  2002.  Compliance Recertification Application Monitoring Data, Volume Two.  Carlsbad, NM: Westinghouse TRU Solutions LLC.  Copy on file in the Sandia WIPP Records Center under ERMS# 527193. Unavailable

112.         Kelley, V.A.  1971.  Geology of the Pecos Country, Southeastern New Mexico.  Memoir 24.  New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM. Unavailable

113.         Kelley, V.A., and Saulnier, Jr., G.J.  1990.  Core Analyses for Selected Samples from the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site.  SAND90-7011.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

114.         King, P.B.  1948.  Geology of the Southern Guadalupe Mountains, Texas.  Professional Paper 215.  U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Copyrighted

115.         Krumhansl, J.L., Kimball, K.M. and Stein, C.L.  1991.  Intergranular Fluid Compositions from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND90-0584. Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories.

116.         Lambert, S.J.  1983a.  Dissolution of Evaporites in and around the Delaware Basin, Southeastern New Mexico and West Texas.  SAND82-0461.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

117.         Lambert, S.J.  1983b.  “Evaporite Dissolution Relevant to the WIPP Site, Northern Delaware Basin, Southeastern New Mexico.”  In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management VI, Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings, Boston, MA, November 1-4, 1982, SAND82-1416C.  D.G. Brookins, ed., pp. 291 - 298. Elsevier Science Publishing Company, New York, NY. Copyrighted

118.         Lambert, S.J.  1987.  Feasibility Study:  Applicability of Geochronologic Methods Involving Radiocarbon and other Nuclides to the Groundwater Hydrogeology of the Rustler Formation, Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND86-1054.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

119.         Lambert, S.J.  1991.  “Isotopic Constraints on the Rustler and Dewey Lake Groundwater Systems,” in Siegel, M.D., Lambert, S.J., and Robinson, K.L., eds.  Hydrogeochemical Studies of the Rustler Formation and Related Rocks in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Area, Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND88-0196.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

120.         Lambert, S.J., and Carter, J.A.  1987.  Uranium-Isotope Systematics in Groundwaters of the Rustler Formation, Northern Delaware Basin, Southeastern New Mexico.  I.  Principles and Preliminary Results.  SAND87-0388.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

121.         Lambert, S.J., and Harvey, D.M.  1987.  Stable-Isotope Geochemistry of Groundwaters in the Delaware Basin of Southeastern New Mexico. SAND87-0138.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

122.         Lang, W.B.  1935.  “Upper Permian Formation of Delaware Basin of Texas and New Mexico.”  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 19, pp. 262 - 276. Copyrighted

123.         Lang, W.B.  1939.  Salado Formation of the Permian Basin.  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 23, pp. 1569 - 1572.Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

124.         Lang, W.B.  1942.  Basal Beds of Salado Formation in Fletcher Potash Core Test near Carlsbad, New Mexico.  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 26.Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

125.         Lang, W.B.  1947.  “Occurrence of Comanche Rocks in Black River Valley, New Mexico,” American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 31, pp. 1472 - 1478. Copyrighted

126.         Lappin, A.R., Hunter, R.L., Garber, D.P., and Davies, P.B., eds, 1989.  Systems Analysis, Long -Term Radionuclide Transport, and Dose Assessments, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Southeastern New Mexico; March 1989.  SAND89-0462.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

127.         LaVenue, A.M., Haug, A., and Kelley, V.A.  1988.  Numerical Simulation of Ground-Water Flow in the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site:  Second Interim Report.  SAND88-7002.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. 

128.         LaVenue, A.M., Cauffman, T.L., and Pickens, J.F.  1990.  Ground-Water Flow Modeling of the Culebra Dolomite.  Volume 1:  Model Calibration.  SAND89-7068/1.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

129.         Lee, W.T.  1925.  “Erosion by Solution and Fill.”  In Contributions to Geography in the United States:  USGS Bulletin, 760-C. Copyrighted

130.         Lord, K.J., and Reynolds, W.E., eds.  1985.  Archaeological Investigations of Three Sites within the WIPP Core Area.  Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE), Albuquerque District in NM.  Eddy County, NM, Chambers Consultants and Planner, Albuquerque, NM.

131.         Lowenstein, T.K.  1987.  Post Burial Alternation of the Permian Rustler Formation Evaporites, WIPP Site, New Mexico:  Textural Stratigraphic and Chemical Evidence.  EEG-36, New Mexico Health and Environment Department, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

132.         Lowenstein, T.K.  1988.  “Origin of Depositional Cycles in a Permian Saline Giant:  The Salado (McNutt Zone) Evaporites of New Mexico and Texas.”  Geological Society of America Bulletin, Vol. 100, No. 4, pp. 20 - 21, 592 - 608. Copyrighted

133.         Lucas, S.G., and Anderson, O.J.  1993a.  “Triassic Stratigraphy in Southeastern New Mexico and Southwestern Texas.” In Carlsbad Region, New Mexico and West Texas, New Mexico Geological Society, Forty-Fourth Annual Field Conference, Carlsbad, NM, October 6-9, 1993.  D.W. Love et al., eds.,  pp. 231 - 235.  New Mexico Geological Society, Socorro, NM. Copyrighted

134.         Lucas, S.G., and Anderson, O.J.  1993b.  “Stratigraphy of the Permian-Triassic Boundary in Southeastern New Mexico and West Texas.” In Geology of the Carlsbad Region, New Mexico and West Texas, D.W. Love et al., eds., Forty-Fourth Annual Field Conference Guidebook.  New Mexico Geological Society, Socorro, NM. Copyrighted

135.         Machette, M.N.  1985.  “Calcic Soils of the Southwestern United States.”  In Soils and Quaternary Geology of the Southwestern United States, D.L. Weide and M.L. Faber, eds., Special Paper Vol. 203, pp. 1 - 21.  Geological Society of America, Denver, CO. Copyrighted

136.         Madsen, B.M., and Raup, O.B.  1988.  Characteristics of the Boundary between the Castile and Salado Formations near the Western Edge of the Delaware Basin, Southeastern New Mexico.  New Mexico Geology, Vol. 10, No. 1.Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

137.         Maley, V.C., and Huffington, R.M.  1953.  “Cenozoic Fill and Evaporite Solution in the Delaware Basin, Texas and New Mexico.”  Geological Society of America Bulletin, Vol. 64. Copyrighted

138.         McGowen, J.H., and Groat, C.G.  1971.  Van Horn Sandstone, West Texas:  An Alluvial Fan Model for Mineral Exploration.  Report of Investigations No. 72.  Bureau of Economic Geology,  Austin, TX.

139.         McGuire, R.K.  1976.  FORTRAN Computer Program for Seismic Risk Analysis.  Open-File Report No.  76-67, pp. 1 - 68.  U.S. Geological Survey.

140.         Meigs, L.C., and Beauheim, R.L.  2001.  “Tracer Tests in a Fractured Dolomite, 1. Experimental Design and Observed Tracer Recoveries,” Water Resources Research, Vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 1113-1128.

141.         Meigs, L.C., Beauheim, R.L., and Jones, T.L. eds. 2000.  Interpretation of Tracer Tests Performed in the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  SAND97-3109. Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories.

142.         Mercer, J.W.  1983.  Geohydrology of the Proposed Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site, Los Medaños Area, Southeastern New Mexico.  Water Resources Investigation Report 83-4016.  U.S. Geological Survey, Albuquerque, NM.  (CCA Appendix HYDRO.)

143.         Mercer, J.W., Beauheim, R.L., Snyder, R.P., and Fairer, G.M.  1987.  Basic Data Report for Drilling and Hydrologic Testing of Drillhole DOE-2 at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site.  SAND86-0611.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

144.         Miller, D.N.  1955.  Petrology of the Pierce Canyon Formation, Delaware Basin, Texas and New Mexico [Ph.D. Dissertation].  University of Texas, Austin.

145.         Miller, D.N.  1966.  Petrology of Pierce Canyon Redbeds, Delaware Basin, Texas and New Mexico.  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 80. Copyrighted

146.         Molecke, M.A.  1983.  A Comparison of Brines Relevant to Nuclear Waste Experimentation. SAND83-0516. Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories.

147.         Muehlberger, W.R., Belcher, R.C., and Goetz, L.K.  1978.  Quaternary Faulting on Trans-Pecos, Texas.  Geology, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 337 - 340. Copyrighted

148.         Neill, R.H., Channell, J.K., Chaturvedi, L., Little, M.S., Rehfeldt, K., and Spiegler, P.  1983.  Evaluation of the Suitability of the WIPP Site.  EEG-23.  Environmental Evaluation Group, Santa Fe, NM.

149.         New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources (NMBMMR).  1995.  Final Report Evaluation of Mineral Resources at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site.  Vols. 1 to 4. Copyrighted

150.         Nicholson, Jr., A., and Clebsch, Jr., A.  1961.  Geology and Ground-Water Conditions in Southern Lea County, New Mexico.  Ground-Water Report 6.  New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM. Copyrighted

151.         Nuttli, O.W.  1973.  Design Earthquakes for the Central United States.  Miscellaneous Paper S-73-1, pp. 1 - 45.  U.S. Army Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. Copyrighted

152.         Olive, W.W.  1957.  Solution-Subsidence Troughs, Castile Formation of Gypsum Plain, Texas and New Mexico.  Geological Society of America Bulletin, Vol. 68. Copyrighted

153.         O’Neill, J.R., Johnson, C.M., White, L.D., and Roedder, E.  1986.  “The Origin of Fluid in the Salt Beds of the Delaware Basin, New Mexico and Texas,” Applied Geochemistry, v. 1, pp. 265-271. Copyrighted

154.         Palmer, A.R.  1983.  “The Decade of North American Geology 1983 Geologic Time Scale.”  Geology, Vol. 11, No. 9, pp. 503 -504. Copyrighted

155.         Piper, A.M.  1973.  Subrosion in and about the Four-Township Study Area near Carlsbad, New Mexico.  Report to Oak Ridge National Laboratories, Oak Ridge, TN

156.         Piper, A.M.  1974.  The Four-Township Study Area near Carlsbad, New Mexico:  Vulnerability to Future Subrosion.  Report to Oak Ridge National Laboratories, Oak Ridge, TN.

157.         Popielak, R.S., Beauheim, R.L., Black, S.B., Coons, W.E., Ellingson, C.T., and Olsen, R.L.  1983.  Brine Reservoirs in the Castile Formation, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Project Southeastern New Mexico. TME-3153.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Carlsbad, NM.

158.         Powers, D.W.  1997.  Geology of Piezometer Holes to Investigate Shallow Water Sources under the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, in INTERA, 1997, Exhaust Shaft Hydraulic Assessment Data Report, DOE/WIPP 97-2219.  Carlsbad, NM: US DOE

159.         Powers, D.W.  2002a.  Analysis Report for Task 1 of AP-088 – Construction of Geologic Contour Maps: ERMS #522086. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

a.      Part 1

b.      Part 2

160.         Powers, D.W.  2002b.  “Addendum to Analysis Report Task 1 of AP-088 Construction of Geologic Contour Maps.” ERMS #523886. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

161.         Powers, D.W.  2002c.  Basic Data Report for Drillhole C-2737 (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant –WIPP): DOE/WIPP 01-3210.  Carlsbad, NM: US DOE.

162.         Powers, D.W.  2003a.  Addendum 2 to Analysis Reports Task 1 of AP-088, Construction of Geologic Contour Maps.  ERMS #525199.  Carlsbad, NM:  Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

a.      Part 1

b.      Part 2

163.         Powers, D.W.  2003b.  Geohydrological conceptual model for the Dewey Lake Formation in the vicinity of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).  Test Plan TP02-05.  ERMS# 526493. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

164.         Powers, D.W., and Hassinger, B.W.  1985.  “Synsedimentary Dissolution Pits in Halite of the Permian Salado Formation, Southeastern New Mexico,” Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, Vol. 55, pp. 769-773.Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

165.         Powers, D.W. and Holt, R.  1990.  Sedimentology of the Rustler Formation Near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site. pp. 77 -106.  GSA Field Trip #14.  Geological Society of America 1990 Annual Meeting.  October 29 - November 1, 1990.  Dallas, TX. Copyrighted

166.         Powers, D.W., and Holt, R.M.  1993.  “The Upper Cenozoic Gatuña Formation of Southeastern New Mexico.”  In Carlsbad Region, New Mexico and West Texas, New Mexico Geological Society, Forty-Fourth Annual Field Conference, Carlsbad, NM, October 6-9, 1993, D.W. Love et al., eds., pp. 271-282.  New Mexico Geological Society, Roswell, NM. Copyrighted

167.         Powers, D.W., and Holt, R.M.  1995.  Regional Geological Processes Affecting Rustler Hydrogeology.  Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy by IT Corporation, Albuquerque, NM.

168.         Powers, D.W., and Holt, R.M.  1999.  “The Los Medaños Member of the Permian Rustler Formation,” New Mexico Geology, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 97-103. Copyrighted

169.         Powers, D. W., and R. M. Holt.  2000.  “The Salt That Wasn’t There: Mudflat Facies Equivalents to Halite of the Permian Rustler Formation, Southeastern New Mexico,” Journal of Sedimentary Research, Vol. 70, No. 1, pp. 29-36. Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

170.         Powers, D.W., and Stensrud, W.A.  2003.  Basic Data Report for Drillhole C-2811 (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant–WIPP).  DOE/WIPP 02-3223.  Carlsbad, NM: US DOE.

171.         Powers, D.W., Lambert, S.J., Shaffer, S.E., Hill, L.R., and Weart, W.D., eds.  1978.  Geological Characterization Report for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site, Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND78-1596, Vols. I and II.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  (CCA Appendix GCR.)

172.         Powers, D.W., Sigda, J.M., and Holt, R.M.  1996.  “Probability of Intercepting a Pressurized Brine Reservoir Under the WIPP.”  ERMS #523414.  Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboatories.  WIPP Records Center.

173.         Powers, D.W., Vreeland, R.H., and Rosenzweig, W.D.  2001.  “How Old are Bacteria from the Permian Age?”  Nature, Vol. 411, pp. 155-156.

174.         Powers, D.W., Holt, R.M., Beauheim, R.L., and McKenna, S.A.  2003.  “Geological Factors Related to the Transmissivity of the Culebra Dolomite Member, Permian Rustler Formation, Delaware Basin, Southeastern New Mexico,” in Johnson, K.S., and Neal, J.T., eds., Evaporite karst and engineering/environmental problems in the United States: Oklahoma Geological Survey Circular 109, pp. 211-218.

175.         Pratt, H.R., Stephenson, D.E., Zandt, G., Bouchon, M., and Hustrulik, W.A.  1979.  Earthquake Damage to Underground Facilities.  Proceedings of the 1979 RETC, Vol. 1.  AIME, Littleton, CO.

176.         Ramey, D.S.  1985.  Chemistry of Rustler Fluids.  EEG-31.  New Mexico Environmental Evaluation Group, Santa Fe, NM.

177.         Rawson, D., Boardman, C., and Jaffe-Chazan, N.  1965.  The Environment Created by a Nuclear Explosion in Salt.  PNE-107F.  U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Plowshare Program, Project Gnome, Carlsbad, NM.

178.         Register, J.K.  1981.  Rubidium-Strontium and Related Studies of the Salado Formation, Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND81-7072.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

179.         Register, J.K., and Brookins, D.G.  1980.  “Rb-Sr Isochron Age of Evaporite Minerals from the Salado Formation (Late Permian), Southeastern New Mexico.”  Isochron/West, No. 29, pp. 39 - 42. Copyrighted

180.         Reiter, M., Barroll, M.W., and Minier, J.  1991.  “An Overview of Heat Flow in Southwestern United States and Northern Chihuahua, Mexico.”  In Neotectonics of North America, D.B. Slemmons, E.R. Engdahl, M.D. Zoback, and D.D. Blackwell, eds., pp. 457 - 466.  Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO. Copyrighted

181.         Renne, P.R., Sharp, W.D. and Becker, T.A.  1998.  40Ar/39Ar Dating of Langbeinite [K2Mg2(SO4)3] in Late Permian Evaporites of the Salado Formation, Southeastern New Mexico, USA,” Mineralogy Magazine, Vol. 62A, pp. 1253-1254 Copyrighted

182.         Renne, P.R., Steiner, M.B., Sharp, W.D., Ludwig, K.R., and Fanning, C.M.  1996.  4040/39Ar and U/Pb SHRIMP Dating of Latest Permian Tephras in the Midland Basin, Texas,” Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Vol. 77, p. 794.

183.         Richardson, G.B.  1904.  “Report of a Reconnaissance of Trans-Pecos Texas, North of the Texas and Pacific Railway.”  Texas University Bulletin 23.  Var Boeckmann-Jones Company, Austin, TX. Unavailable

184.         Richey, S.F.  1989.  Geologic and Hydrologic Data for the Rustler Formation Near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Southeastern New Mexico.  Open-File Report 89-32.  U.S. Geological Survey, Albuquerque, NM. Copyrighted

185.         Richter, C.F.  1958.  Elementary Seismology.  W.H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco, CA. Copyrighted

186.         Roberts, R.M., Beauheim, R.L., and Domski, P.S.  1999.  Hydraulic Testing of Salado Formation Evaporites at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site: Final Report.  SAND98-2537. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

187.         Robinson, T.W., and Lang, W.B.  1938.  “Geology and Ground-Water Conditions of the Pecos River Valley in the Vicinity of Laguna Grande de la Sal, New Mexico, with Special Reference to the Salt Content of the River Water.”  Twelfth and Thirteenth Biennial Reports of the State Engineer of New Mexico for the 23rd, 24th, 25th, and 26th Fiscal Years, July 1, 1934 to July 30, 1938.  State Engineer, Santa Fe, NM.

188.         Robinson, J.Q., and Powers, D.W.  1987.  “A Clastic Deposit within the Lower Castile Formation, Western Delaware Basin, New Mexico.”  In Geology of the Western Delaware Basin, West Texas and Southeastern New Mexico, D.W. Powers, and W.C. James, eds., El Paso Geological Society Guidebook 18, pp. 66 -79.  El Paso Geological Society, El Paso, TX.

189.         Roedder, E.  1984.  “The Fluids in Salt,” American Mineralogist, v. 69, pp. 413-439. Copyrighted

190.         Rogers, A.M., and Malkiel, A.  1979.  A Study of Earthquakes in the Permian Basin of Texas–New Mexico.  Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 69, pp. 843 - 865.

191.         Rosholt, J.N., and McKinney, C.R.  1980.  Uranium Series Disequilibrium Investigations Related to the WIPP Site, New Mexico (USA), Part II.  Uranium Trend Dating of Surficial Deposits and Gypsum Spring Deposits Near WIPP Site, New Mexico.  Open-File Report 80-879.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO. Unavailable

192.         Salvador, A.  1985.  “Chronostratigraphic and Geochronometric Scales in Colorado SUNA Stratigraphic Correlation Charts of the United States.”  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, Vol. 69. Copyrighted

193.         Sandia National Laboratories.  2000. “Sandia National Laboratories Annual Compliance Monitoring Parameter Assessment, WBS 1.3.5.2.1.1, Pkg. No. 510062.” ERMS #512733. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

194.         Sandia National Laboratories.  2001.  “Sandia National Laboratories Annual Compliance Monitoring Parameter Assessment, WBS 1.3.5.3.1, Pkg. No. 510062, October 2001.” ERMS #519620. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

195.         Sandia National Laboratories.  2002.  “Sandia National Laboratories Annual Compliance Monitoring Parameter Assessment for 2002, WBS 1.3.5.3.1, Pkg. No. 510062, November 2002.” ERMS #524449. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

196.         Sandia National Laboratories.  2003a.  “Sandia National Laboratories Technical Baseline Reports, WBS 1.3.5.3, Compliance Monitoring; WBS 1.3.5.4, Repository Investigations, Milestone RI 03-210, January 31, 2003.” ERMS #526049. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

a.      Chapter 1 – Executive Summary

b.      Chapter 2 – Compliance Monitoring

c.      Chapter 3 – Geochemistry

d.      Chapter 4 – Engineered Barriers

e.      Chapter 5 – Rock Mechanics

197.         Sandia National Laboratories.  2003b.  “Program Plan, WIPP Integrated Groundwater Hydrology Program, FY03-FY09, Revision 0, March 14, 2003.” ERMS #526671. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Records Center.

198.         Sanford, A.R., Jaksha, L.H., and Cash, D.J.  1991.  “Seismicity of the Rio Grand Rift in New Mexico.”  In Neotectonics of North America, D.B. Slemmons, E.R. Engdahl, M.D. Zoback, and D.D. Blackwell, eds. Copyrighted

199.         Satterfield, C.L., Lowenstein, T.K., Vreeland, R, and Rosenzweig, W.  2002.  “The Search for Microorganisms in Brine Inclusions in Halite:  an Update,”  Abstracts with Programs, Geological Society of America, Annual Meeting, v. 34, no. 6, p. 19. Copyrighted

200.         Schiel, K.A.  1988.  “The Dewey Lake Formation: End Stage Deposit of a Peripheral Foreland Basin.”  Master’s thesis.  University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX. Unavailable

201.         Schiel, K.A.  1994.  “A New Look at the Age, Depositional Environment and Paleogeographic Setting of the Dewey Lake Formation (Late Permian).”  West Texas Geological Society Bulletin, Vol. 33, No. 9, pp. 5 - 13. Copyrighted

202.         Sergent, Hauskins & Beckwith,  1979.  Subusrface Exploration & Laboratory Testing. Plant Site: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Vols I & II. Phoenix, AZ:  Sergent, Hauskins & Beckwith (Copy on file at the U.S. Department of Energy, WIPP Information Center, Carlsbad, NM).

203.         Sewards, T., Williams, M.L., and Keil, K.  1991.  Mineralogy of the Culebra Dolomite Member of the Rustler Formation.  SAND90-7008.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

204.         Siegel, M.D., Lambert, S.J., and Robinson, K.L., eds.  1991.  Hydrogeochemical Studies of the Rustler Formation and Related Rocks in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Area, Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND88-0196.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

205.         Silva, M.K.  1996.  Fluid Injection for Salt Water Disposal and Enhanced Oil Recovery as a Potential Problem for WIPP: Proceedings of a June 1995 Workshop and Analysis. EEG-62. Albuquerque, NM: Environmental Evaluation Group.

206.         Snider, H.I.  1966.  “Stratigraphy and Associated Tectonics of the Upper Permian Castile-Salado-Rustler Evaporite Complex, Delaware Basin, West Texas and Southeast New Mexico.” Ph.D. dissertation.  University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM.

207.         Snyder, R.P.  1985.  Dissolution of Halite and Gypsum, and Hydration of Anhydrite to Gypsum, Rustler Formation, in the Vicinity of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Southeastern New Mexico.  Open-File Report 85-229.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO

208.         Snyder, R.P., Gard, Jr., L.M., and Mercer, J.W.  1982.  Evaluation of Breccia Pipes in Southeastern New Mexico and Their Relation to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site, with Section on Drill-Stem Tests.  Open-File Report 82-968.  U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

209.         Stein, C.L., and Krumhansl, J.L.  1988.  “A Model for the Evolution of Brines in Salt from the Lower Salado Formation, Southeastern New Mexico,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 52, pp. 1037-1046. Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

210.         Swift, P.N.  1992.  Long-Term Climate Variability at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Southeastern New Mexico, USA.  SAND91-7055.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  (CCA Appendix CLI.)

211.         TerraTek, Inc.  1996.  “Physical Property Characterization of Miscellaneous Rock Samples, Contract AA-2896.” Contractor Report TR97-03 to Sandia National Laboratories.  ERMS #238234. Salt Lake City, UT.

212.         Thompson, G.A. and Zoback, M.L.  1979.  Regional Geophysics of the Colorado Plateau.   Tectonophysics, Vol. 61, Nos. 1 - 3, pp. 149 - 181.Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

213.         Tóth, J., 1963.  “A Theoretical Analysis of Groundwater Flow in Small Drainage Basins,” Journal of Geophysical Research.  Vol. 68, No. 16, pp. 4795  - 4812. Copyrighted

214.         UNM (University of New Mexico).  1984.  A Handbook of Rare and Endemic Plants of New Mexico.  New Mexico Native Plants Protection Advisory Committee, eds.  University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM. Copyrighted

215.         Urry, W.E.  1936.  Post-Keweenawan Timescale.  Exhibit 2, pp. 35 - 40.  National Research Council, Report Committee on Measurement of Geologic Time 1935 -36. Unavailable

216.         U.S. Congress.  1992.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Land Withdrawal Act.  Public Law 102-579, October 1992.  102nd Congress, Washington, D.C.

217.         U.S. Census Bureau. 2000.  Census 2000 at http://www.census.gov/main/www/access.html.

218.         U.S. Department of Commerce.  1990.  Census of Population, General Population Characteristics of New Mexico.  Bureau of the Census. Unavailable

219.         U.S. Department of Energy (DOE ).  1980.  Final Environmental Impact Statement, Waste  Isolation Pilot Plant.  DOE/EIS-0026, Vols. 1 and 2.  Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Washington, D.C.

1.      Volume 1

2.      Volume 2

220.         U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1983.  Summary of the Results of the Evaluation of the WIPP Site and Preliminary Design Validation Program. WIPP-DOE-161. Carlsbad, NM:  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.

221.         U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1996.  Title 40 CFR Part 191 Compliance Certification Application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, DOE/CAO-1996-2184, October 1996, Carlsbad Field Office, Carlsbad, NM. Unavailable

222.         U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1999.  Exhaust Shaft: Phase III Hydraulic Assessment Data Report, October 1997 –- October 1998. DOE-WIPP 99-2302. Carlsbad, NM: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.

223.         U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2002a.  Delaware Basin Monitoring Annual Report. DOE/WIPP-99-2308, Rev. 03. Carlsbad, NM: Department of Energy.

224.         U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2002b.  Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 2000 -June 2001. DOE/WIPP 02-3177, Vol. 1. Carlsbad, NM: Department of Energy.

225.         U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2003.  Strategic Plan for Groundwater Monitoring at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. DOE/WIPP-03-3220, United States Department of Energy. Carlsbad, NM: February 2003.

226.         U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1988.  “40 CFR Parts 124, 144, 146, and 148 Underground Insertion Control Program:  Hazardous Waste Disposal Injection Restrictions; Amendments to Technical Requirements for Class 1 Hazardous Waste Injection Wells, and Additional Monitoring Requirements Applicable to All Class 1 Wells.”  Federal Register, Vol. 53, 28188, July 26, 1988.

227.         U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1993.  40 CFR Part 191 Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes; Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 58, No. 242, pp. 66398 - 66416, December 20, 1993.  Office of Radiation and Indoor Air,  Washington, D.C.

228.         U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996.  40 CFR Part 194:  Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations;  Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 61, No. 28, pp. 5224 - 5245, February 9, 1996.  Office of Air and Radiation, Washington, D.C.  In NWM Library as KF70.A35.C751.

229.         U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996.  Docket A-93-02, Item II-I-01, Enclosure 1, Letter from EPA to DOE, December 19, 1996 technical issues raised by EPA.

230.         U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).  1973.  Design Spectra for Seismic Design of Nuclear Power Plants, Revision 1.  Regulatory Guide 1.60, December 1973.

231.         Vine, J.D.  1963.  “Surface Geology of the Nash Draw Quadrangle, Eddy County, New Mexico.”  U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1141-B.  U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

232.         Washington Regulatory & Environmental Services (WRES). 2003. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 2002, DOE/WIPP 03-2222, Carlsbad, NM.

233.         Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Management and Operating Contractor (WIPP MOC).  1995.  Basic Data Report for WQSP 1, WQSP 2, WQSP 3, WQSP 4, WQSP 5, WQSP 6, WQSP 6a, DOE/WIPP 95-2154.  WIPP MOC, Carlsbad, NM.

234.         Weart, W.D.  1983.  Summary Evaluation of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site Suitability.  SAND83-0450.  Albuquerque, NM:  Sandia National Laboratories.

235.         Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEC).  1991a.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Groundwater Monitoring Program Plan and Procedures Manual.  WP02-1.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

236.         Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEC).  1991b.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1990.  DOE/WIPP 91-008.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

237.         Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEC).  1992.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1991.  DOE/WIPP 92-007.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

238.         Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEC).  1993.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1992.  DOE/WIPP 93-017.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

239.         Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEC).  1994.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1993.  DOE/WIPP 94-2003.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

240.         Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEC).  1995.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1994.  DOE/WIPP 95-Draft-2094.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

241.         Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEC). 1996. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1995, DOE/WIPP 96-2182, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

242.         Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEC). 1997. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1996, DOE/WIPP 97-2225, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

243.         Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEC). 1998. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1997, DOE/WIPP 98-2225, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

244.         Westinghouse Government Environmental Services Company (WGESC), LLC. 1999. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1998, DOE/WIPP 99-2225, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.

245.         Wolfe, H.G., et al., eds.  1977.  An Environmental Baseline Study of the Los Medaños Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project Area of New Mexico: A Progress Report.  SAND77-7017.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

246.         Wood, B.J., Snow, R.E., Cosler, D.J., and Haji-Djafari, S.  1982.  Delaware Mountain Group (DMG) Hydrology—Salt Removal Potential, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project, Southeastern New Mexico.  TME 3166.  U.S. Department of Energy, Albuquerque, NM.

247.         Zoback, M.L., and Zoback, M.D.  1980.  “State of Stress in the Conterminous United States.” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 85, No. B11, pp. 6113 - 6156. Copyrighted

248.         Zoback, M.L., Zoback, M.D., Adams, J., Bell, S., Suter, M., Suarez, G., Estabrook, C., and Magee, M.  1991.  Stress Map of North America.  Continent Scale Map CSM-5, Scale 1:5,000,000.  Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO. Unavailable

249.         Zoback, M.D., and Zoback, M.L.  1991.  “Tectonic Stress Field of North America and Relative Plate Motions.”  In Neotectonics of North America, D.B. Slemmons, E.R. Engdahl, M.D. Zoback, and D.D. Blackwell, eds., pp. 339 - 366.  Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO. Copyrighted

Back to top


Chapter 3

1.                  ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers).  1989.  Quality Assurance Program Requirements for Nuclear Facilities.  ASME NQA-1-1989, September 15, 1989.  The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, NY.  Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

2.                  Christensen, C.L., and Peterson, E.W.  1981.  “Field-Test Programs of Borehole Plugs in Southeastern New Mexico.”  In The Technology of High-Level Nuclear Waste Disposal Advantages in the Science and Engineering of the Management of High-Level Nuclear Wastes, P.L. Hofman and J.J. Breslin, eds., SAND79-1634C, DOE/TIC-4621, Vol. 1, pp. 354 – 369.  Technical Information Center of the U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, TN.

3.                  State of New Mexico, Oil Conservation Division, Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department.  1988.  Order R-111-P, Potash Areas of Eddy and Lea Counties, NM.  Case 9316, Revision to Order R-111-P.  April 21, 1988.  Santa Fe, NM.

4.                  State of New Mexico, Oil Conservation Division, Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department.  1991.  Rule 202, Plugging and Permanent Abandonment.  March 1, 1991.  Santa Fe, NM.  

5.                  State of New Mexico, State Engineer’s Office.  1995.  Article 4, Well Drillers’  Licensing-Construction, Repair and Plugging of Wells:  Articles 4-14, Shallow Wells Construction Repair Plugging, and 4-20.2, Abandonment-Plugging.  Santa Fe, NM. 

6.                  U.S. Congress.  1992.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Land Withdrawal Act.  Public Law 102‑579, October 1992.  102nd Congress, Washington, D.C. 

7.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 1980.  Final Environmental Impact Statement, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  DOE/EIS-0026, Vol. 1 and 2.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM .  

a.      Volume 1

b.      Volume 2

8.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 1986.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Design Validation Final Report.  DOE/WIPP 86-010.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM. 

a.      Volume 1

b.      Volume 2

9.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 1988.  Agreement for Consultation and Cooperation Between the Department of Energy and the State of New Mexico on the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Design Validation Final Report.  April 18, 1988.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM. 

10.              U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1990a.  Final Supplement Environmental Impact Statement, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  DOE/EIS-0026-FS.  U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Washington, D.C.  Available from NTIS as DE90005774. 

a.      Summary

b.      Volume 1

c.      Volume 2

d.      Volume 3

11.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1990b.  Final Safety Analysis Report.  WP 02-9, Rev. 0.  May 1990.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division, Carlsbad, NM.  

12.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995.  Safety and Analysis Report.  DOE/WIPP-95-2065, Rev. 0, November 30, 1995.  Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM.

13.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1996.  U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office Quality Assurance Program Description.  CAO-94-1012, Rev. 1, April 1996.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM.  (This document is included as Appendix QAPD.) 

14.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1997.  U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement.  DOE/EIS-0026-S-2, September 1997.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM. 

15.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2001.  U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual.  DOE/WIPP 98-2287, Rev. 4, August 2001.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM.  

16.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2002.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Biennial Environmental Compliance Reports.  DOE/WIPP-02-2171, 2002.  Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM. 

17.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2003.  Safety and Analysis Report.  DOE/WIPP-95-2065, Rev. 7, June, 2003.  Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM.  

18.             U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO). June, 26, 2000.  Docket A-98-49, II-A-3, Item 24. 

19.             U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO). November 30, 2000.  Docket A-98-49, II-B-2, Item 8.  

20.             U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO). April 26, 2001.  Docket A-98-49, II-B-3, Item 19.  

21.             U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO). October 7, 2002.  Letter from DOE to EPA submitting proposed change request related to Panel Closure, Option D. 

22.             U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI).  1995a. 43 CFR Part 3160, Onshore Oil and Gas Operations, Federal and Indian Oil and Gas Leases Drilling Operations.  Subpart 3162, Requirements for Operating Rights, Owners and Operators.  Subpart 3162.3-4, Well Abandonment.  43 CFR Chapter 2.  October 9, 1995.  53 Federal Register 22 847, June 17, 1988.  Bureau of Land Management, Washington, D.C.  

23.             U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI).  1995b. 43 CFR Part 3593, Boreholes and Samples.  Subpart 3593.1, Core and Testhole Cores, Samples, Cuttings.  43 CFR Chapter 2.  October 9, 1995.  53 Federal Register 22 847, June 17, 1988.  Bureau of Land Management, Washington, D.C.

24.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1993.  40 CFR Part 191 Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes; Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 58, No. 242, pp. 66398 – 66416, December 20, 1993.  Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C.  

25.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996.  40 CFR Part 194:  Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations; Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 61, No. 28, pp. 5224 – 5245, February 9, 1996.  Office of Air and Radiation, Washington, D.C.  In NWM Library as KF70.A35.C751 1996 (Reference). 

26.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1997.  Docket A-93-01, Item II-B-03, Item 15. Unavailable

27.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1998.  40 CFR Part 194:  Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations: Certification Decision:  Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 63, 27354-27406.  Office of Air and Radiation, Washington, D.C. 

28.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  August 11, 2000.  Docket A-98-49, II-A-3, Item 24. 

29.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  January 11, 2001.  A-98-49, II-B-3, Item 15.  

30.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  July 2, 2001.  Docket A-98-49, II-B-3, Item 26.  

31.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  August 7, 2001.  Docket A-98-49, II-B-3, Item 19.  

32.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  November 15, 2002.  Letter from EPA to DOE regarding Proposed Change Request, Panel Closure Option D.

Back to top


Chapter 4

1.                  Croff, A.B., 1980.  A User’s Manual for the ORIGEN2 Code.  ORNL/TM-7175, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 1980. 

2.                  New Mexico Environment Department (NMED).  2002.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Permit.  Effective November 26, 2002.  Santa Fe, New Mexico. Unavailable

3.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1988.  Radioactive Waste Management, Order 5820.2A. Washington, D.C. 

4.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995a.  Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan. DOE/CAO-94-1010, Revision 0, April 30, 1995.  Carlsbad, NM. 

5.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995b. Transuranic Waste Characterization Sampling and Analysis Methods Manual. DOE/WIPP-91-043, Revision 1, April 1996.  Carlsbad, NM.

6.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995c.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Safety Analysis Report. DOE/WIPP-95-2065, Revision 0, November 1995.  Carlsbad, NM. 

7.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995d.  WWIS Software Quality Assurance Plan.  CAO-95-1108.  Version 0, May 1995.  Carlsbad, NM.  

8.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995e.  DOE Waste Treatability Group Guidance.  DOE/LLW-217, Revision 0, January 1995.  Washington, D.C.  

9.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1996a.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Compliance Certification Application.  DOE/CAO 1996-2184.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM. Unavailable

10.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 1996b. Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. DOE/WIPP-96-069, Revision 5, April 1996. Carlsbad, NM. 

11.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2001a.  Performance Demonstration Plan for Non- Destructive Assay of Drummed Wastes for the TRU Waste Characterization Program. DOE/CBFO-01-1005. Rev. 0.1.  March 22, 2001, DOE Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, New Mexico. 

12.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2001b.  WIPP Waste Information System User’s Manual for Use by Shippers/Generators, DOE/CAO 97-2273, Carlsbad Field Office, Carlsbad, NM.

13.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2002.  Contact-Handled Waste Acceptance Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  DOE/WIPP-02-3122, Revision 0.1.  Carlsbad, New Mexico.

14.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and State of New Mexico.  1981.  Consultation and Cooperation Agreement.  Appendix A to the Stipulated Agreement Resolving Civil Action, 81-0363JB, State of New Mexico vs. United States Department of Energy, United States District Court, Albuquerque, NM. 

15.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1994. Waste Analysis at Facilities that Generate, Treat, Store, and Dispose of Hazardous Waste; A Guidance Manual.  EPA-530-R-94-024.  Washington, D.C. 

16.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1998.  Technical Support Document for Section 194.24: Consolidated Compliance Review of Waste Characterization Requirements, Docket No: A-93-02, V-B-15.

17.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  Letter from Stephen Page of June 3, 1999, to Inés Triay, CAO.

18.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2002. Letter from F. Marcinowski, Director, Radiation Protection Division, to Dr. I. Triay, Manager, Carlsbad Field Office, June 7, 2002.

Back to top


Chapter 6

1.                  Andersson, J., Ed.  1989.  The Joint SKI/SKB Scenario Development Project.  SKB Technical Report 89-35, Authors:  J. Andersson, T. Carlsson, T. Eng, F. Kautsky, E. Söderman, and S. Wingefors.  Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden.

2.                  Barr, G.E., Miller, W.B., and Gonzalez, D.D. 1983.  Interim Report on the Modeling of the Regional Hydraulics of the Rustler Formation.  SAND83-0391.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, pp. 26 – 27.  WPO 27557.

3.                  Beauheim, R.L.  1987.  Interpretations of Single-Well Hydraulic Tests Conducted At and Near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site, 1983 – 1987.  SAND87-0039.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, pp. 110 – 118.  WPO 27679.

4.                  Beauheim, R.L., 1997. "Revision to Castile Brine Reservoir Parameter Packages," Memorandum to Palmer Vaughn, January 16, 1997.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  WPO# 44699.

5.                  Beauheim, R.L.  2000.  “Appendix E: Summary of Hydraulic Tests Performed at Tracer-Test Sites.” In Interpretations of Tracer Tests Performed in the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  L.C. Meigs, R.L. Beauheim, and T.L. Jones, eds. SAND97-3109.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. 

6.                  Beauheim, R.L. 2003. “Culebra and Magenta Pressures to Use in CRA BRAGFLO Runs.” Memorandum to David Kessel, August 19, 2003. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories. ERMS 530903.

7.                  Beauheim, R.L., Wawerisk, W.R., and Roberts, R.M.  1993.  “Coupled Permeability and Hydrofracture Tests to Assess the Waste-Containment Properties of Fractured Anhydrite.” International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanical Abstracts, Vol. 30, No. 7, pp. 1159 – 1163.

8.                  Brush, L.H., and Y. Xiong.  2003a.  “Calculation of Actinide Solubilities for the WIPP Compliance Recertification Application, Analysis Plan AP-098,” Rev 1.  Unpublished analysis plan.  Carlsbad, NM:  Sandia National Laboratories.  ERMS 527714.

9.                  Brush, L.H., and Y. Xiong.  2003b.  “Calculation of Actinide Solubilities for the WIPP Compliance Recertification Application.”  Unpublished analysis report, May 8, 2003.  Carlsbad, NM:  Sandia National Laboratories.  ERMS 529131.

10.             Butcher, B.M.  1996.  Memo to M.S. Tierney, RE:  QAP 9-1 Documentation of the Initial Waste Water Content for the CCA, January 29, 1996.  WPO 30925.

11.             Butcher, B.M., and Mendenhall, F.T.,  1992. A Summary of the Models Used for the Mechanical Response of Disposal Rooms in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant with Regards to Compliance with 40 CFR 191, Subpart B, SAND92-0427. Sandia National Laboratories. Albuquerque, NM.

12.             Butcher, B.M., Thompson, T.W., VanBuskirk, R.G., and Patti, N.C.  1991.  Mechanical Compaction of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Simulated Waste.  SAND90-1206.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  WPO 23968.

13.             Christian-Frear, G.L., and Webb, S.W.  1996.  The Effect of Explicit Representation of the Stratigraphy on Brine and Gas Flow at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  SAND94-3173.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

14.             Corbet, T.F. and Knupp, P.M.  1996.  The Role of Regional Groundwater Flow in the Hydrogeology of the Culebra Member of the Rustler Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Southeastern New Mexico.  SAND96-2133. Sandia National Laboratories. Albuquerque, NM.

15.             Cranwell, R.M., Guzowski, R.V., Campbell, J.E., and Ortiz, N.R.  1990.  Risk Methodology for Geologic Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Scenario Selection Procedure.  NUREG/CR-1667, SAND80-1429.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  WPO 26750.

16.             Davies, P.B.  1991.  Evaluation of the Role of Threshold Pressure in Controlling Flow of Waste-Generated Gas into Bedded Salt at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  SAND90-3246.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, pp. 17 – 19.  WPO 26169.

17.             Downes, P.S.  2003a.  “Spreadsheet Calculations of Actinide Solubilities for the WIPP Compliance Recertification Application.”  Unpublished memorandum to L.H. Brush, April 21, 2003.  Carlsbad, NM:  Sandia National Laboratories.  ERMS 528395.

18.             Downes, P.S.  2003b.  “Spreadsheet Calculations of Actinide Solubilities for the WIPP Compliance Recertification Application in Support of AP-098, ‘Calculation of Actinide Solubilities for the WIPP Compliance Recertification Application, Analysis Plan AP-098, Rev. 1.’”  Unpublished analysis report, July 22, 2003.  Carlsbad, NM:  Sandia National Laboratories.  ERMS 530441.

19.             Freeze, G.A., Larson, K.W., and Davies, P.B.  1995.  A Summary of Methods for Approximating Salt Creep and Disposal Room Closure in Numerical Models of Multiphase Flow.  SAND94-0251.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  WPO 29557.

20.             Goodwin, B.W., Stephens, M.E., Davison, C.C., Johnson, L.H., and Zach, R.  1994.  Scenario Analysis for the Postclosure Assessment of the Canadian Concept for Nuclear Fuel Waste Disposal.  AECL-10969, COG-94-247.  Whiteshell Laboratories, Pinawa, Manitoba, Canada.

21.             Helton, J.C., Bean, J.E., Berglund, J.W., Davies, F.J., Economy, K., Garner, J.W., Johnson, J.D., MacKinnon, R.J., Miller, J., O’Brien, D.G., Ramsey, J.L., Schreiber, J.D., Shinta, A., Smith, L.N., Stoelzel, D.M., Stockman, C., and Vaughn, P.  1998.  “Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis Results Obtained in the 1996 Performance Assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant,” SAND98-0365. Albuquerque, NM:  Sandia National Laboratories.  ERMS 252619.

22.             Hobart, D.E., and Moore, R.C.,  1996.  Analysis of Uranium(VI) Solubility Data for WIPP Performance Assessment: Implementation of Analysis Plan AP-028, Revision 0, Aug 12, 1996. Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories. ERMS 236488.

23.             Hodgkinson, D.P. and Sumerling, T.J.  1989.  “A Review of Approaches to Scenario Analysis for Repository Safety Assessment.”  In Proceedings of the IAEA/CEC/NEA (OECD) Symposium on Safety Assessment of Radioactive Waste Repositories (Paris, 1989). OECD/NEA, Paris, France.  pp. 333 – 350.

24.             Holt, R.M.  1997.  Conceptual Model for Transport Processes in the Culebra Dolomite Member, Rustler Formation.  SAND97-0194.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

25.             Holt, R.M., and Powers, D.W.  1984.  Geotechnical Activities in the Waste Handling Shaft Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project Southeastern New Mexico.  WTSD-TME-038.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM.

26.             Holt, R.M., and Powers, D.W.  1986.  Geotechnical Activities in the Exhaust Shaft.  DOE/WIPP-86-008.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM.

27.             Holt, R.M., and Powers, D.W.  1990.  Geologic Mapping of the Air Intake Shaft at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  DOE/WIPP 90-051.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Carlsbad, NM.

28.             IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency).  1981.  Safety Assessment for the Underground Disposal of Radioactive Wastes.  IAEA Safety Series No. 56, Vienna, Austria.Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

29.             Iman, R.L., and Conover, W.J.  1982.  A Distribution-Free Approach to Inducing Rank Correlation Among Input Variables.  Communications in Statistics: Simulation and Computation, Vol. B11, No. 3, pp. 311 – 334.Copyrighted - Available at the Carlsbad Public Library

30.             Kaplan, S., and Garrick, B.J.  1981.  On the Quantitative Definition of Risk.  Risk Analysis,  Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 11 – 27. Copyrighted

31.             La Venue, A.M., Cauffman, T.L., and Pickens, J.F.  1990. Ground-Water Flow Modeling of the Culebra Dolomite: Volume 1 - Model Calibration.  SAND89-7068/1, Sandia National Laboratories. Albuquerque, NM.

32.             Lappin, A.R., Hunter, R.L., Garber, D.P., Davies, P.B., Beauheim, R.L., Borns, D.J., Brush, L.H., Butcher, B.M., Cauffman, T., Chu, M.S.Y., Gomez, L.S., Guzowski, R.V., Iuzzolino, H.J., Kelley, V., Lambert, S.J., Marietta, M.G., Mercer, J.W., Nowak, E.J., Pickens, J., Rechard,  R.P., Reeves, M., Robinson, K.L., and Siegel, M.D., eds.  1989.  Systems Analysis, Long-Term Radionuclide Transport, and Dose Assessments, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Southeastern New Mexico: March 1989.  SAND89-0462.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  WPO 24125.

33.             Luker, R.S., Thompson, T.W., and Butcher, B.M.  1991.  “Compaction and Permeability of Simulated Waste.”  In Rock Mechanics as a Multidisciplinary Science:  Proceedings of the 32nd U.S. Symposium, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, July 10-12, 1991,  J.C. Roegiers, ed.  SAND90-2368C, pp. 694 – 702.  A.A. Balkema, Brookfield, VT.  WPO 38847. Copyrighted

34.             Marcinowski, F.  2001.  Untitled from F. Marcinowski to I.R. Triay, January 11, 2001.  Washington, DC:  U.S. Enviromental Protection Agency Radiation Protection Division.

35.             Meigs, L.C., Beauheim, R.L., and Jones, T.L., Ed.  2000.  Interpretations of Tracer Tests Performed in the Culebra Dolomite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site.  SAND97-3109.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

36.             Meigs, L.C., and McCord, J.T.  1996.  “Appendix A: Physical Transport in the Culebra Dolomite.” In Analysis Package for the Culebra Flow and Transport Calculations (Task 3) of the Performance Assessment Analyses Supporting the Compliance Certification Application, Analysis Plan 019, Version 00.  J. Ramsey, M. Wallace, and H.-N. Jow.  ERMS# 240516.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

37.             Mercer, J.W., and Orr, B.R.  1979.  Interim Data Report on Geohydrology of Proposed Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site, Southeast New Mexico.  Water Resources Investigations 79-98.  U.S. Geological Survey, Albuquerque, NM.

38.             Miller, W.M. and Chapman, N.A., Ed.  1992.  Identification of Relevant Processes, System Concept Group Report, UKDOE/HMIP Report TR-ZI-11, London, England.

39.             NAGRA.  1985.  Nuclear Waste Management in Switzerland: Feasibility Studies and Safety Analyses (Project Gewahr, 1985).  NAGRA Project Report NGB 85-09 (English Summary), Wettingen, Switzerland. Copyrighted

40.             Novak, C.F., R.C. Moore, and R.V. Bynum.  1996.  “Prediction of Dissolved Actinide Concentrations in Concentrated Electrolyte Solutions:  A Conceptual Model and Model Results for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).”  Unpublished presentation at the 1996 International Conference on Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste, September 16-19, 1996, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.  ERMS 418098, SAND96-2695C

41.             OECD Nuclear Energy Agency.  1992.  Systematic Approaches to Scenario Development. Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Paris, France.  NWM Library, NNA.920610.0027. Copyrighted

42.             Park, B,Y,. and J.F., Holland.  2003.  “Structual Evaluation of WIPP Disposal Room Raised to Clay G.” SAND2003-3409, Sandia National Laboratories.  Carlsbad, NM.

43.             Popielak, R.S., Beauheim, R.L., Black, S.R., Coons, W.E., Ellingson, C.T., and Olsen, R.L.  1983.  Brine Reservoirs in the Castile Formation Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project Southeastern New Mexico.  TME-3153,  Westinghouse Electric Corp, Carlsbad, NM.

44.             Sandia National Laboratories.  1991.  Preliminary Comparison with 40 CFR Part 191, Subpart B for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, December 1991. Volume. 1: Methodology and Results.  SAND91-0893/1.  Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Performance Assessment Division, Albuquerque, NM.  WPO 26404.

45.             Sandia National Laboratories.  1992-1993.  Preliminary Performance Assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, December 1992.  SAND92-0700, Vols. 1 – 5.  Sandia National Laboratories, WIPP Performance Assessment Division, Albuquerque, NM.  Vol. 1 - WPO 20762, Vol. 2 - WPO 20805, Vol. 3 - WPO 23529, Vol. 4 - WPO 20958, Vol. 5 - WPO 20929.

a.      Volume 1

b.      Volume 2

c.      Volume 3

d.      Volume 4

e.      Volume 5

46.             Sandia National Laboratories.  2003.  Borehole Plugging Probabilities to be used in Compliance Recertification Calculations. September 3, 2003. Sandia Records Center, Sandia National Laboratories, Carlsbad Programs Group.  Carlsbad, NM.  ERMS# 531352.

47.             State of New Mexico, Oil Conservation Division, Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department.  1988.  “Application of the Oil Conservation Division Upon It’s Own Motion to Revise Order R-111, As Amended, Pertaining to the Potash Areas of Eddy and Lea Counties, New Mexico.”  Case 9316, Revision to Order R-111-P, April 21, 1988.  Santa Fe, NM.  On file in the NWM Library as KFN2581.

48.             Stenhouse, M.J., Chapman, N.A., and Sumerling, T.J.  1993.  SITE-94 Scenario Development FEP Audit List Preparation: Methodology and Presentation.  SKI Technical Report 93:27. Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate, Stockholm.  Available from  NTIS as DE 94621513.

49.             Thorne, M.C.  1992.  Dry Run 3 - A Trial Assessment of Underground Disposal of Radioactive Wastes Based on Probabilistic Risk Analysis - Volume 8: Uncertainty and Bias Audit.  United Kingdom Department of Environment Report DOE/HMIP/RR/92.040, London, England.

50.             Trovato, E.R.  1997.  Untitled letter from E.R. Trovato to G. Dials, April 25, 1997.  Washington, DC:  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Radiation and Indoor Air. Unavailable

51.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1998a. "40 CFR Part 194: Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's Compliance With the Disposal Regulations "Certification Decision; Final Rule."  Federal Register, Vol. 63, No. 95, pp. 27396, May 18, 1998.  Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington D.C.

52.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1998b.  “Technical Support Document for Section 194.23:  Parameter Justification Report.”  EPA Air Docket A93-02-V-B-14.  Washington, DC:  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Radiation and Indoor Air.

53.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1998c.  “Compliance Application Review Documents for the Criteria for the Certification and Recertification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations:  Final Certification Decision.  CARD 23:  Models and Computer Codes.” EPA Air Docket A93-02-V-B-2.  Washington, DC:  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Radiation and Indoor Air.

54.              U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1998d.  “Technical Support Document for Section 194.23 - Models and Computer Codes.”  EPA Air Docket A93-02-V-B-6.  Washington, DC:  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Radiation and Indoor Air.

55.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1985.  “40 CFR Part 191: Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes; Final Rule.”  Federal Register, Vol. 50, No. 182, pp. 38066 – 38089, September 19, 1985.  Office of Radiation and Air, Washington, D.C.  WPO 39132.

56.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1993.  “40 CFR Part 191: Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes; Final Rule.”  Federal Register, Vol. 48, No. 242, pp. 66398 – 66416, December 20, 1993.  Office of Radiation and Air, Washington, D.C.  WPO 39133.

57.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996a.  “40 CFR Part 194:  Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations Final Rule.”  Federal Register, Vol. 61, No. 28, pp. 5224 – 5245, February 9, 1996.  Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C.  In NWM Library as KF70.A35.C751 1996 (Reference)

58.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996b.  Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations.  Background Information Document for 40 CFR Part 194.  EPA 402-R-96-002.  Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, DC.

59.             Vaughn, P., Bean, J., Garner, J., Lord, M., MacKinnon, R., McArthur, D., Schreiber, J., and Shinta, A..  1995.  FEPs Screening Analysis DR2, DR3, DR6, DR7, and S6.  Record package submitted to SWCF-A:1.1.6.3:PA:QA:TSK:DR2, DR3, DR6, DR7, and S6.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  WPO 38152.

60.             Wallace, M.G., Beauheim, R., Stockman, C., Martell, M.A., Brinster, K., Wilmot, R., and Corbet, T.  1995.  FEPs Screening Analysis, NS-1:  Dewey Lake Data Collection and Compilation.  Record package submitted to SWCF-A:1.1.6.3:PA:QA:TSK:NS1.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.  WPO 30650.

Back to top


Chapter 7

1.                  40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations; Final Rule.”  Federal Register, Vol. 61, No. 28, pp. 5224 – 5245, February 9, 1996. Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C.

2.                  Hora, S.C., von Winterfeldt, D., and Trauth, K.M.  1991.  Expert Judgment on Inadvertent Human Intrusion into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  SAND90-3063.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

3.                  International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).  1999.  Maintenance of Records for Radioactive Waste Disposal.  IAEA-TECDOC-1097, Vienna, Austria. Unavailable

4.                  John Hart and Associates, P.A. 2000a. Contractor Report, Permanent Markers Monument Survey, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, NM.

a.      Attachment 1

b.      Attachment 2

5.                  John Hart and Associates, P.A. 2000b. Contractor Report, Permanent Markers Materials Analysis, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, NM.

6.                  John Hart and Associates, P.A. 2000c. Contractor Report, Ancient Cementitious Materials, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, NM.

7.                  Murphy, John N., and Parkinson, H.F.  1978.  Underground Mine Communications, Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 66, No. 1, pp. 26 – 50, January 1978.  Copyrighted

8.                  New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources (NMBMMR). 1995.  Final Report Evaluation of Mineral Resources at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site.  Vol. I, Ch. I-III, December 22, 1994. Copyrighted

9.                  Powell, J.A.  1976.  An Electromagnetic System for Detecting and Locating Trapped Miners, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations, RI 8159, U.S.B.M, Pittsburgh, PA. 

10.             Trauth, K.M., Hora, S.C., and Guzowski, R.V.  1993.  Expert Judgment on Markers to Deter Inadvertent Human Intrusion into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  SAND92-1382.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.   

11.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1985.  “40 CFR Part 191:  Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes; Final Rule.”  Federal Register, Vol. 50, No. 182, pp. 38066 – 38089, September 19, 1985.  Office of Radiation and Air, Washington, D.C. 

12.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1988.  Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste. Volume 1A through 1C and Volume 2.  Field Manual Physical Chemical Methods (3rd Edition). Report EPA/SW-846, September 1988, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA.

1.      Volume 1A

2.      Volume 1B – Part A

3.      Volume 1B – Part B

4.      Volume 1C

5.      Volume 2

13.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1980.  Final Environmental Impact Statement, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  DOE/EIS-0026. Vols. 1 and 2.  Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs. Washington, D.C.

1.      Volume 1

2.      Volume 2

14.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1990.  Final Safety Analysis Report.  WP 02-9, Rev. 0, May 1990.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, NM. 

15.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1991.  Draft Report: Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Feasibility of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Engineered Alternatives: Final Report of the Engineered Alternatives Task Force.  DOE/WIPP 91-007, Rev. 0.  Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Carlsbad, NM.   

1.      Volume 1

2.      Volume 2

16.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1994.  Permanent Marker Conceptual Design Report Draft. Rev. 2, November 1994.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM.  Unavailable

17.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995.  Engineered Alternatives Cost/Benefit Study; Final Report.  DOE/WIPP 95-2135.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM.

18.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1999.  40 CFR Parts 191 and 194 Compliance Monitoring Implementation Plan (MIP), Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, NM. Unavailable

19.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  2000.  Permanent Markers Testing Program Plan, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, New Mexico, DOE/WIPP 00-3175, Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM. 

20.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996a. “40 CFR Part 194: Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency).  1996b. Compliance Application Guidance for 40 CFR Part 194.  EPA 402-R-95-014, March 29, 1996.  Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C. 

21.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1996c. Docket A-93-02, Item II-I-01, Enclosure 1).  

22.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1997. Docket A-93-02, Item II-I-07, Enclosure 1c). 

23.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1998. “40 CFR Part 194: Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance With the Disposal Regulations: Certification Decision; Final Rule.” Federal Register, Vol. 63, No. 95, pp. 27396, May 18, 1998. Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C.

Back to top


Chapter 8

1.                  Duke Engineering Services (DES). 1997. Exhaust Shaft: Phase 2 Hydraulic Assessment Data Report Involving Drilling, Installation, Water-Quality Sampling, and Testing of Piezometers 1-12. DOE/WIPP 97-2278. Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM.

2.                  Garner, J.W. 2003. CRA Marker Bed Concentrations. Memo to record.  ERMS 532402. Sandia National Laboratories, Carlsbad, NM.

3.                  Leigh, C.D. 2003.  Calculation of Decayed Radionuclide Inventories for the Compliance Recertification Application. ERMS 530992. Sandia National Laboratories, Carlsbad, NM.

4.                  New Mexico Office of the State Engineer. 2002. Database Printout: Withdrawals and Depletions in Acre-Feet, in New Mexico Counties, 2000, compiled by P.J. Romero. Unavailable

5.                  Powers, D.W. 2002. Basic Data Report for Drillhole C-2737. DOE/WIPP 01-3210. Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM.

6.                  Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). 1997. Summary of the EPA Mandated Performance Assessment Verification Test Results for Individual and Groundwater Protection Requirements. ERMS-417309. Albuquerque, NM.

7.                  U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. New Mexico Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, Washington, D.C. Unavailable

8.                  U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1988.  Internal Dose-Rate Conversion Factors for Calculation of Dose to the Public.  DOE/EH-0071.  DOE Office of Environmental Guidance and Compliance, Washington, D.C.

9.                  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1993.  40 CFR Part 191 Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes; Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 58, No. 242, pp. 66398 – 66416, December 20, 1993.  Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C.

10.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996.  40 CFR Part 194:  Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations;  Final Rule.  Federal Register, Vol. 61, No. 28, pp. 5224 – 5245, February 9, 1996.  Office of Air and Radiation, Washington, D.C.  In NWM Library as KF70.A35.C751 1996.

11.             Wagner, S.W. 2003. Calculation of Combined 226Ra and 228Ra Concentrations at Boundary for Chapter 8 Compliance Assessment. Routine Calculation Memo. ERMS No 532804. Sandia National Laboratories, Carlsbad, NM.

Back to top


Chapter 9

1.                  Allen, L.E., and Channell, J.K. 2003. Analysis of Emplaced Waste Data and Implications of Non-Random Emplacement for Performance Assessment for the WIPP. EEG-85. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM.

2.                  Allen, L.E., Silva, M.K., and Channell, J.K. 2002. Identification of Issues Relevant to the First Recertification of WIPP. EEG-83. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM.  

3.                  Allen, L.E., Silva, M.K., Channell, J.K., Abel, J.F., and Morgan, D.R. 2001. Evaluation of Proposed Panel Closure Modifications at WIPP, EEG-82. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM.

4.                  Altman, W.D., Donnelly, J.P., and Kennedy, J.E.  1988.  Peer Review for High-Level Nuclear Waste Repositories Generic Technical Position.  NUREG-1297.  Division of High-Level Nuclear Waste Management, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC.

5.                  Channell, J.K. and Neill, R.H. 1998. Individual Radiation Doses from Transuranic Waste Brought to the Surface by Human Intrusion at the WIPP. EEG-66. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM. 

6.                  Channell, J.K. and Walker, B.A. 2000. Evaluation of Risk and Waste Characterization Requirements for the Transuranic Waste Emplaced in WIPP during 1999. EEG-75. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM. 

7.                  Hansen, F.D.  1996.  “Review Plan, Shaft Seal System Design for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.”  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

8.                  Hansen, F.D., M.K. Knowles, and T.W. Thompson.  1997a. “Spalling Release Position Paper.” Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office by Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. 17 January 1997.

9.                  Hansen, F.D., M. K. Knowles, T. W. Thompson, M. Gross, J. D. McLennon, and J. F. Schatz. 1997b. Description and Evaluation of a Mechanistically Based Conceptual Model for Spall. SAND 97-1369.  Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.

10.             NEA/IAEA (Nuclear Energy Authority of OECD/International Atomic Energy Authority). 1997. International Peer Review of the 1996 Performance Assessment of the US Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Report of the NEA/IAEA International Review Group

11.              Neill, R.H., Channell, J.K., Spiegler, P. and Chaturvedi, L. 1997. Review of the Draft Supplement to the WIPP Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0026-S-2. EEG-64. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM.

12.             Neill, R.H., Chaturvedi, L., Rucker, D.F., Matthew K. Silva, Ben A. Walker, James K. Channell, and Thomas M. Clemo. 1998. Evaluation of the WIPP Project’s Compliance with the EPA Radiation Protection Standards for Disposal of Transuranic Waste. EEG-68. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM.

13.              National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences. 1957. Disposal of Radioactive Waste on Land. Publication 519. National Academy of Sciences, Washington D.C. 

14.             National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences. 1996. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: A Potential Solution for the Disposal of Transuranic Waste. Committee on the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Board on Radioactive Waste Management, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

15.              National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences. 2001. Improving Operations and Long-Term Safety of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant – Final Report. Committee on the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Division of Earth and Life Studies, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

16.              National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences. 2002. Characterization of Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant – Final Report. Committee on the Characterization of Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Division of Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. Unavailable

17.             Oversby, V. 2000.  Plutonium Chemistry Under Conditions Relevant for WIPP Performance Assessment: Review of Experimental Results and Recommendations for Future Work. EEG-77. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM.

18.             Institute for Regulatory Science (RSI).  2002.  Requirements for Disposal of Remote-Handled Transuranic Wastes at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. CRTD-VOL.63, Technical Peer Review Report, Report of the Review Panel 8. Unavailable

19.             Institute for Regulatory Science (RSI). 2003. Desirability of Performing Certain Transuranic Waste characterization Tests. Technical Peer Review Report.

20.             Rucker, D.F. 1998.  Sensitivity Analysis of Performance Parameters Used in Modeling the WIPP. EEG-69. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM.

21.             Silva, M.K. 1996. Fluid Injection for Salt Water Disposal and Enhanced Oil Recovery as a Potential Problem for the WIPP: Proceedings of a June 1995 Workshop and Analysis. EEG-62. Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM.

22.             Silva, M.K., Channell, J.C., Walker, B.A., and Anastas, G. 2003.  Contact Handled Transuranic Waste Characterization Requirements at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. EEG-86.  Environmental Evaluation Group. Albuquerque and Carlsbad, NM.

23.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1979.  Draft Environmental Impact Statement Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. DOE/EIS-0026-D.  U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.

a.      Volume 1

b.      Volume 2

24.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1980.  Final Environmental Impact Statement, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. DOE-EIS-0026.  U.S. Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs, Washington, D.C. 

a.      Volume 1

b.      Volume 2

25.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1989.  Draft Supplement Environmental Impact Statement, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  DOE/EIS-0026-DS.  U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.  Unavailable

26.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1991.  Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Feasibility of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Engineered Alternatives: Final Report of the Engineered Alternatives Task Force. DOE/WIPP 91-007, Revision 0.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, NM. 

a.      Volume 1

b.      Volume 2

27.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995a.  Transuranic Waste Baseline Inventory Report (Revision 2). DOE/CAO-95-1121.  U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM. 

28.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995b.  Engineered Alternatives Cost/Benefit Study Final Report. DOE/WIPP 95-2135 Revision 0. Albuquerque, NM: IT Corp.; United States Department of Energy, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM.

29.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1995c.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Sealing System Design Report. DOE/WIPP-95-3117.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, NM. 

30.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 1996a. Title 40 CFR 191 Compliance Certification Application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. DOE Carlsbad Area Office. DOE/CAO-1996-2184. Carlsbad, NM.  Unavailable

31.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1996b.  CAO Management Plan, Peer Review. CAO‑96‑1187.  Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM.

32.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1996c.  “CAO Team Procedure.” TP 10.5, Rev. 0. Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM. 

33.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).  1996d.  Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Disposal Phase Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Implementation Plan. DOE/EIS-0026-S-2-IP Rev. 0.  United States Department of Energy, Carlsbad Area Office, Carlsbad, NM.

34.             U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 1997. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Disposal Phase Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Eddy County, near Carlsbad, New Mexico, September 1997. 

    1. Summary
    2. Volume 1
    3. Volume 2
    4. Volume 3

35.              U.S. Department of Energy/Carlsbad Field Office. 2003. Document Preparation and Control. CBFO Management Procedure 10.5 (MP 10.5).  Unavailable

36.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1993.  “40 CFR Part 191: Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes; Final Rule,” Federal Register. Vol. 58, no. 242, pp. 66398 – 66416. 

37.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996a.  “40 CFR Part 194: Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations; Final Rule,” Federal Register. Vol. 61, no. 28, pp. 5224‑5225. 

38.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996b.  Criteria for the Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations: Background Information Document for 40 CFR Part 194. EPA 402‑R‑96-002.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C. 

39.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1996c.  Compliance Application Guidance for 40 CFR Part 194. EPA 402-R-95-014.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Radiation and Indoor Air, Washington, D.C. 

40.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1997. Criteria for the Certification and Recertification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR 191 Disposal Regulations: Certification Decision; Proposed Rule. Federal Register (October 30) vol.62, No. 210, pp. 58792-58838. 

41.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1998a. Criteria for the Certification and Recertification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR 191 Disposal Regulations: Certification Decision; Final Rule. Federal Register (May 18, 1998) vol.63, No. 95, pp. 27354-27406.

42.              U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1998b. Response to Comments, Criteria for the Certification and Recertification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance with the 40 CFR 191 Disposal Regulations: Certification Decision. EPA Docket A-93-02. May 1998.  Unavailable

43.             U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  1998c.  EPA’s Analysis of Air Drilling at the WIPP.  EPA Docket A-91-02, IV-A-1. Unavailable

44.              Yew, Y., Hanson J., Teufel, L. 2003. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Spallings Conceptual Model Peer Review Repor. Prepared by Time Solutions Corp., Albuquerque, NM, for the U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad Field Office, Office of Regulatory Compliance, October 2003.

Back to top