Purpose of Transparency
Transparency efforts should address a question fundamental to the safe
utilization of nuclear materials: how do we verify that neither our nor
other countries' nuclear
activities pose a threat to the safety or health of humans or the environment?
World populations have experienced negative impacts resulting from accidents
associated with the peaceful use of nuclear energy. Society has become skeptical
towards the continuing presence of facilities involved with nuclear materials.
For example, recent accidents at the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor in Monju, the
Tokai Works’ Bituminization Facility, and the JCO Fuel Fabrication Facility
have increased the fear and uncertainty of the Japanese people toward nuclear
Implementation of nuclear transparency technologies can be an effective
method of communicating with local communities. Information can be shared and
provided to stakeholders to assure them that nuclear facilities are being
operated in a safe and environmentally friendly manner. Local populations need
to know that the air they breathe, the water they drink, and the foods they eat
are free from any radioactive contamination resulting from operations at these
Transparency efforts that may alleviate some concerns of the local population
and their governmental entities include allowing open access to monitored data
from operating facilities as well as information and processes used in the
course of decision making.